When the dark ages ended, much of Europe was hit with a massive wave of scientific and cultural advancement. It was the time of much improvement to make up for the lack of innovation seen during the Early Middle Ages, and the introduction of many superior and virtuous things often led to some important factors or innovations to get overlooked. Such as the evolution seen in military fortification. Many fail to realize how the introduction and adoption of firearms and gunpowder during the early modern era resulted in a military evolution; which influenced and entirely changed the nature and course of military conflict. The introduction of gunpowder meant that all parties were exhausting themselves attempting to innovate new styles of fortification. This meant questions such as how to afford and maintain new fortresses; but most importantly, how to build them in order to combat cannon's and new technologically advanced weaponry.

What this exhibit entails is a detailed analysis of the evolution of military fortifications; specifically, how the introduction of gunpowder ignited a military and cultural evolution of how fortifications progressed to become more efficient at fending off enemies. The exhibit will articulate different styles of fortifications; both old and new, and how they were built. But more importantly, methods of warfare. The tactics used for military action and the detailed methods of sieging. It is the art of war which the exhibit attempts to interpret. The countless hours which mankind spent thinking of ways to kill or be saved from killing. The significance of these innovations resulted in many things which impacted the course of history. For example, the fortresses which were being built were not done overnight. It was hard work which took course over a long period of time and required large armies to both build them and besiege them. This essentially led to a dramatic increase in the size of armies within Europe during the early modern era. To innovate fortresses which included gunpowder weaponry and large armies caused the reliance on a central government to grow. Showing the significance of the evolution of military fortification.


Salses, Aude, France

An early fortification design with thicker walls which were adapted for the purpose to resist cannon fire.